Chickamauga (with) Related Ephemera Including a MS Letter Signed By a 27th Illinois Adjutant, Under Arrest After a Heated Altercation with Superior Officer.
Turchin, Brigadier-General John B.

Chicago, Illinois: Fergus Printing Company, 1888. F 295 pages + (7) pages of publishers announcements at back. With a useful index, a tissue-guarded frontispiece photogravure portrait of General Turchin and 8 folding maps, printed in red, black & blue, with 4 in-text and 4 in the pocket mounted at front endpaper. The account of this battle by a close participant, John Basil Turchin (1822 - 1901) Union general, born Ivan Vasilievitch Turchaninov in Russia. Moving to the United States with his wife, the Turchins changed their name, and as the Civil War began Turchin became engaged in the Union Army, at first as colonel of an Illinois regiment he'd raised - and after being court-martialed, re-appointed by Lincoln as brigadier general. "...The hypocrisy of slavery and the emancipation of slaves was Turchin's larger moral purpose. So too was his passion for rooting out the incompetency of higher military commanders, a theme he emphasized in his 1888 book Chickamauga....On the first day of fighting, Turchin, facing imminent disaster, led his brigade in a lightning-fast bayonet charge into the surging Confederate ranks, saving the Union line...during the Battle of Missionary Ridge, Turchin's initiative again saved the day. Turchin was one of the first, if not the first, commander to continue the charge from its objective at the base of the ridge on up to the crest. The subsequent rout led to the Atlanta Campaign and the end of war." His wife accompanied him on campaign, as nurse: "...Earlier, when Confederates threatened the Union Army's supply train, Nadine Turchin organized the defense when all seemed lost..." (Paul J. DeLoca in the ANB) One of the Noted Battles for the Union During the Civil War series of this publisher. Laid-in is a 3-sided pencil letter signed by Simeon Sheldon, an adjutant of the 27th Illinois Infantry at the time, writing in January 1864 (he mistakenly writes 1863) to his "Friend Chapin" from the New Headquarters at Camp Blains East Tenn. and "Under Arrest" (underlined) about 20 miles above Knoxville. "...We immediately after the Battle of Mission Ridge a hard march of 143 miles to Knoxville to the relief of Burnside. The boys stood it well although we had most of the time and still have a portion of our rations to procure from the country..."dog turds" and rubbers for covering ground frozen hard & snow covering it..." His friend has had his foot amputated, Sheldon is saddened by the loss; he also mentions that his share of the battle of Mission Ridge is evidenced by the three holes in his overcoat. His name had been sent to HQ as recommended for recruiting service - this was later changed without (seeming) proper notice and he brought this lapse to his commanding officer, who in turn gave feeble excuses for the change. Simeon then bitterly accused the officer as "...treating me like a confound shitass..." and is promptly arrested for insubordination and went to trial. The regimental history and Adjutant General's report states that Simeon, presumably as the result of this altercation, is listed as 'dismissed' from his adjutant position in February of 1864. Sheldon's letter is corroborated by the history: The regiment "...Was in Chattanooga during its investment, and was engaged in storming Mission Ridge, as a part of Harker's Brigade, Sheridan's Division, and Thomas' Corps, where it was particularly noticed for its good conduct....From Mission Ridge it went upon a forced march to the relief of Burnside at Knoxville, Tenn., then closely pressed by Longstreet's Corps. The march, 115 miles, was a severe one, many of the command being without shoes before it ended. The Regiment was obliged to live on what could be picked up by foraging off the enemy..." The letter on lined paper, about 5" x 8" size per page, pencil writing faded and still all legible; a little wear and splitting along old fold lines, in very good condition. (with) An illustrated c. 4 " x 5" card printed one side with a photo-illustration of the monument to General Thomas of Chickamauga fame in Troy NY. And - A George H. Thomas Post No. 5 Dept. of Illinois GAR General Order No. 8, with post announcements, activities, centerfold with details of the Memorial Day Services of May 30, 1910. Also a newspaper clipping from Tuesday Morning, Nov. 10, 1863 having a lengthy article cribbed from the N.Y. Herald "General Rosecrans. Explanation of His Removal." (chipped, some losses to text) The book approx. 7" x 9 3/4" size; bound in the original publishers' red cloth covered boards, black titles & decorations, decorative endpapers. Leaves evenly toned, not brittle; some edge, tips wear and rubbing to the binding; spine cloth with some mottling of cloth on the edges; front endpapers separating at the hinge (from the pressure put on the binding by the packet of maps at front); maps generally good, with closed fold-line splitting, edge chips. Overall, everything in good condition. Good Hardcover (Item ID: 25732)


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