1919 Map of China United State Superimposed
(China - 20th Century - Cartography - Transportation - U.S. Diplomacy)

Peking China: U.S. Dept. Of Commerce Bureau of Foreign & Domestic Commerce, 1919. F The map's legend notes that both countries were drawn to scale, by Paul P. Whitham Consulting Engineer Trade Commissioner. Also indicated are the existing railways, 6500 miles and proposed railways, 21000 miles. Major American cities are shown, with a couple of cities having unusual spellings: "Los Angle," "San Diege." Also depicted are Chinese cities, especially those positioned on the proposed and existing railways. The map with hand coloring outlining the borders of the U.S. and China, in red and green, respectively. Background: Paul P(age) Whitham was an engineer working on west coast U.S. railways who'd been appointed to this research task in China by the Dept. of Commerce. The invasion of China by Japan, the political turmoil of Chinese politics including the 'May Fourth' movement protesting the treaty of Versailles and the pressing insistence of American 'Open Door' policy was the impetus behind Whitham's research in China. The Dept. of Commerce recognized the overriding importance of railway transportation networks for doing business in China. Senator Brandergee (Frank Bosworth Brandegee (1864 - 1924) of Connecticut found out about this report and wanted to investigate further; he was prevented from doing so and brought the matter to the attention of the Dept. of Commerce, the Secretary of State and the President of the U.S., Woodrow Wilson, who stated in his letter of reply to Brandergee that "…I am of the belief that the public interests would not be conserved by the transmission to the Senate of the report requested…" Wilson had become incapacitated after his intensive treaty negotiation work following WWI in Europe; further complicating this issue was the notion of whether or not he had actually seen and personally signed the request from the Senate. Brandergee denounced this policy as 'secret diplomacy' on the part of the Presidency & State Department. (see "Secret Diplomacy in America" by Brandegee in the Vol. IV, 1919 issue of 'The Searchlight on Congress and on the Democracy which gives it Existence'; a copy of this 2-page article taken from an online resource is included by us with the map.) Approx. 11" x 13" size, including frame with glass; maps has not been taken from its frame or backing; under magnification it appears photographic, with silver-oxidation on the map-lines. With the embossed and die-cut framer's label on the back of Reid S. Baker Art Dept. The Kodak Shop Washington (DC); Simple wood frame with some scratches, wear; backer chipped away at top right; map in very good condition. Very Good Paperback (Item ID: 24497)


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